Preliminary Results of Uveal Melanoma Treated With Iodine-125 Plaques: Analysis of Disease Control and Visual Outcomes With 63 Gy to the Target Volume.
PURPOSE: Our purpose was to review the preliminary outcomes of patients with uveal melanoma treated with iodine-125 plaques using a novel treatment planning approach. METHODS AND MATERIALS: This was a single institution, retrospective review of patients treated with iodine-125 brachytherapy for uveal melanoma from November 2016 to February 2019. We used 3-dimensional treatment planning with the Eye Physics Plaque Simulator to ensure that a minimum of 63 Gy covered a 2-mm circumferential tumor margin and the apex height of the tumor over 94 hours. Primary endpoints were local failure, systemic metastasis, final visual acuity (VA), and radiation retinopathy. Associations between primary endpoints and tumor characteristics/radiation dose were performed using univariate analysis. RESULTS: Sixty-nine patients were included in the analysis. Mean largest basal diameter was 11.67 mm (range, 6-18; median, 12), and the average tumor thickness to the inner sclera was 3.18 mm (range, 0.5-9.3; median, 2.8). Molecular testing that was successfully performed in 59 patients revealed that 27% (16 of 59) had class 2 gene expression profile designation. Average follow-up posttreatment was 28.3 months (range, 4-46; median, 29), with 6% (4 of 69) developing local failure and 6% (4 of 69) developing metastasis over this duration. Average final VA (0.57 logMAR [Snellen 20/74]; range, 0-2.9; median, 0.3) was decreased from baseline (0.34 logMAR [Snellen 20/44]; range, 0-2.3; median, 0.1), and 48% (33 of 69) developed radiation retinopathy. Fifty percent of patients had a final VA 20/40 or better and 22% had a final VA 20/200 or worse. CONCLUSIONS: In patients with uveal melanoma, preliminary results with brachytherapy using Eye Physics plaques with a treatment plan that delivers 63 Gy to a 2-mm circumferential tumor margin and the tumor apex suggest effective disease control and favorable VA outcomes.
Kheir, WJ; Stinnett, SS; Meltsner, S; Semenova, E; Mowery, YM; Craciunescu, O; Kirsch, DG; Materin, MA
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