Image guidance in osteoplasty and fixation.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

Oncology patients, particularly those with breast, colorectal, prostate, renal and pancreatic cancers, are living longer due to advances in detection, and treatment. Unfortunately, this has come with a commensurate increase in the prevalence of osseous metastases and skeletal related events approaching 100,000 new patients each year. Patients are now experiencing serious morbidity and mortality due to pathologic fractures, altered structural mechanics, and cancer related bone pain. This patient population poses challenges for conventional open surgical and/or medical management often due to disease extent, location, and, in general, poor surgical candidacy. Percutaneous techniques may also be challenging under image guidance due to limited ability to use traditional orthopedic corridors, loss of cortical landmarks with destructive lesions, and need for live image guidance. Modern angiography suites with cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) and advanced imaging applications including needle guidance, 3D fusion, tumor segmentation, and angio-CT have facilitated the development of novel minimally invasive techniques for pain palliation and stabilization. The interventional radiologist is uniquely positioned to harness these advanced imaging applications and offer effective, safe, minimally invasive treatment options to patients with neoplastic disease within the axial, and appendicular skeletons. The focus of this article is to address the technical aspects of patient preparation, positioning, advanced imaging system capabilities, guidance strategies, and pitfalls during osteoplasty and fixation procedures.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Key, BM; Scheidt, MJ; Wooldridge, AN; Sag, AA; Tutton, SM

Published Date

  • March 2022

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 25 / 1

Start / End Page

  • 100798 -

PubMed ID

  • 35248325

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1557-9808

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.tvir.2022.100798

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States