Extending a Van Der Pol-Based Reduced-Order Model for Fluid-Structure Interaction Applied to Non-Synchronous Vibrations in Turbomachinery

Journal Article (Journal Article)

This paper expands upon a multi-degree-of-freedom, Van der Pol oscillator used to model buffet and nonsynchronous vibrations (NSV) in turbines. Two degrees-of-freedom are used, a fluid tracking variable incorporating a Van der Pol oscillator and a classic spring, mass, damper mounted cylinder variable; thus, this model is one of fluid-structure interaction. This model has been previously shown to exhibit the two main aspects of NSV. The first is the lock-in or entrainment phenomenon of the fluid shedding frequency jumping onto the natural frequency of the oscillator, while the second is a stable limit cycle oscillation (LCO) once the transient solution disappears. Improvements are made to the previous model to better understand this aeroelastic phenomenon. First, an error minimizing technique through a system identification method is used to tune the coefficients in the reduced-order model (ROM) to improve the accuracy in comparison to experimental data. Second, a cubic stiffness term is added to the fluid equation; this term is often seen in the Duffing Oscillator equation, which allows this ROM to capture the experimental behavior more accurately, seen in previous literature. The finalized model captures the experimental cylinder data found in literature much better than the previous model. These improvements also open the door for future models, such as that of a pitching airfoil or a turbomachinery blade, to create a preliminary design tool for studying NSV in turbomachinery.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Hollenbach, R; Kielb, R; Hall, K

Published Date

  • March 1, 2022

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 144 / 3

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1528-8900

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0889-504X

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1115/1.4052405

Citation Source

  • Scopus