Risk Factors for Delayed Discharge and Adverse Outcomes Following Outpatient Billed Total Knee Arthroplasty.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

BACKGROUND: The volume of outpatient total knee arthroplasty (TKA) has increased with advances in perioperative protocols, patient selection, and recent policy changes regarding insurance authorization. This study analyzed 30-day outcomes from a national database to better understand risk factors for delayed discharge (length of stay [LOS] ≥1), readmission, and reoperation after outpatient TKA. METHODS: The National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP) database was utilized to collect TKA (CPT 27447) billed as outpatient surgery performed from 2013 to 2018. Patient demographics, comorbidities, and short-term outcomes were collected and compared in LOS 0 versus LOS ≥1 cohorts. Subgroup analysis was completed for TKA performed in 2018, after the Center for Medicare Services removal of TKA from the inpatient-only list. RESULTS: A total of 13,669 patients had outpatient TKA performed from 2013 to 2018. Most patients had LOS ≥1 day (77.1%). The LOS 0 cohort demonstrated a lower 30-day readmission rate (1.8%) compared to LOS ≥1 (2.8%), P > .01. Both groups demonstrated a low 30-day reoperation rate, LOS 0 (0.7%) and LOS ≥1 (1.1%), P = .05. Regression analysis demonstrated risk factors for LOS ≥1 day included COPD, ASA ≥3, age >75, and BMI >35 kg/m2. Regression analysis demonstrated male gender, age >75, ASA ≥3, and albumin <3.5 g/dL were risk factors for readmission. Hypertension was a risk factor for 30-day reoperation. CONCLUSION: Risk factors for LOS ≥1 day include age >75, ASA ≥3, BMI >35 kg/m2. In addition, BMI >35 kg/m2 was a risk factor for readmission and reoperation. These findings reinforce appropriate patient selection when considering outpatient TKA.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Belay, ES; Cochrane, NH; Anastasio, AT; Wu, M; Bolognesi, MP; Seyler, TM

Published Date

  • June 2022

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 37 / 6

Start / End Page

  • 1029 - 1033

PubMed ID

  • 35183711

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1532-8406

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.arth.2022.02.045


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States