EBV-positive diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, not otherwise specified: 2018 update on diagnosis, risk-stratification and management.
Journal Article (Journal Article;Review)
DISEASE OVERVIEW: Epstein Barr virus-positive (EBV+) diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), not otherwise specified (NOS) is an entity included in the 2016 WHO classification of lymphoid neoplasms. EBV+ DLBCL, NOS, is an aggressive B-cell lymphoma associated with chronic EBV infection, and a poor prognosis with standard chemotherapeutic approaches. DIAGNOSIS: The diagnosis is made through a careful pathological evaluation. Detection of EBV-encoded RNA is considered standard for diagnosis; however, a clear cutoff for positivity has not been defined. The differential diagnosis includes plasmablastic lymphoma, DLBCL associated with chronic inflammation, primary effusion lymphoma, HHV8+ DLBCL, NOS, and EBV+ mucocutaneuos ulcer. RISK-STRATIFICATION: The International prognostic index (IPI) and the Oyama score can be used for risk-stratification. The Oyama score includes age >70 years and presence of B symptoms. The expression of CD30 is emerging as a potential adverse, and targetable, prognostic factor. MANAGEMENT: Patients with EBV+ DLBCL, NOS, should be staged and managed following similar guidelines than patients with EBV-negative DLBCL. EBV+ DLBCL, NOS, however, has a worse prognosis than EBV-negative DLBCL in the era of chemoimmunotherapy. There is an opportunity to study and develop targeted therapy in the management of patients with EBV+ DLBCL, NOS.
- Castillo, JJ; Beltran, BE; Miranda, RN; Young, KH; Chavez, JC; Sotomayor, EM
- July 2018
Volume / Issue
- 93 / 7
Start / End Page
- 953 - 962
Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
- United States