Primary Cutaneous T-Cell Lymphomas Showing Gamma-Delta (γδ) Phenotype and Predominantly Epidermotropic Pattern are Clinicopathologically Distinct From Classic Primary Cutaneous γδ T-Cell Lymphomas.

Conference Paper

Primary cutaneous gamma-delta (γδ) T-cell lymphoma is a rare disease that typically involves the dermis and subcutis. Cases of primary cutaneous T-cell lymphomas showing γδ phenotype and predominantly epidermotropic pattern (EγδTCL) are not well defined. In this series, cases of primary cutaneous T-cell lymphomas showing γδ phenotype were reviewed and classified as predominantly epidermotropic (EγδTCL) when >75% of lymphoma cells resided in the epidermis or predominantly dermal and/or subcutaneous (DSγδTCL). Clinical, pathologic, and immunophenotypic features were compared in 27 biopsies from 13 patients of EγδTCL and 13 biopsies from 7 patients of DSγδTCL. The lymphoma cells were diffusely positive for CD3 and T-cell receptor (TCR)γ, mostly positive for granzyme B and TIA-1, variably positive for CD8, CD7, and CD30, and negative for CD4 and TCRβ. Two patients with EγδTCL had dissemination to lymph nodes and 1 to the lung; 1 patient with DSγδTCL had gastrointestinal involvement. The median survival of patients with EγδTCL was not reached, and with a median follow-up of 19.2 months, 3/13 died. In contrast, the median survival of patients with DSγδTCL was 10 months, and after a median follow-up of 15.6 months, 5/5 died (P<0.01). EγδTCL is a rare presentation of cutaneous T-cell lymphoma that can be distinguished from DSγδTCL based on the extent of epidermotropism and has a better prognosis and longer median survival than DSγδTCL. However, although EγδTCL resembles mycosis fungoides clinically and histologically, a subset of EγδTCL is more likely to behave more aggressively than typical mycosis fungoides.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Merrill, ED; Agbay, R; Miranda, RN; Aung, PP; Tetzlaff, MT; Young, KH; Curry, JL; Nagarajan, P; Ivan, D; Prieto, VG; Medeiros, LJ; Duvic, M; Torres-Cabala, CA

Published Date

  • February 2017

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 41 / 2

Start / End Page

  • 204 - 215

PubMed ID

  • 27879514

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1532-0979

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1097/PAS.0000000000000768

Conference Location

  • United States