Epstein-Barr virus-positive T/NK-cell lymphoproliferative disorders.

Journal Article (Journal Article;Review)

Epstein-Barr virus, a ubiquitous human herpesvirus, can induce both lytic and latent infections that result in a variety of human diseases, including lymphoproliferative disorders. The oncogenic potential of Epstein-Barr virus is related to its ability to infect and transform B lymphocytes into continuously proliferating lymphoblastoid cells. However, Epstein-Barr virus has also been implicated in the development of T/natural killer cell lymphoproliferative diseases. Epstein-Barr virus encodes a series of products that mimic several growth, transcription and anti-apoptotic factors, thus usurping control of pathways that regulate diverse homeostatic cellular functions and the microenvironment. However, the exact mechanism by which Epstein-Barr virus promotes oncogenesis and inflammatory lesion development remains unclear. Epstein-Barr virus-associated T/natural killer cell lymphoproliferative diseases often have overlapping clinical symptoms as well as histologic and immunophenotypic features because both lymphoid cell types derive from a common precursor. Accurate classification of Epstein-Barr virus-associated T/natural killer cell lymphoproliferative diseases is a prerequisite for appropriate clinical management. Currently, the treatment of most T/natural killer cell lymphoproliferative diseases is less than satisfactory. Novel and targeted therapies are strongly required to satisfy clinical demands. This review describes our current knowledge of the genetics, oncogenesis, biology, diagnosis and treatment of Epstein-Barr virus-associated T/natural killer cell lymphoproliferative diseases.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Cai, Q; Chen, K; Young, KH

Published Date

  • January 23, 2015

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 47 /

Start / End Page

  • e133 -

PubMed ID

  • 25613730

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC4314580

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 2092-6413

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1038/emm.2014.105

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States