Inhibition of the p53 E3 ligase HDM-2 induces apoptosis and DNA damage--independent p53 phosphorylation in mantle cell lymphoma.
Journal Article (Journal Article)
PURPOSE: The ubiquitin-proteasome pathway has been validated as a target in non-Hodgkin's lymphoma through demonstration of the activity of the proteasome inhibitor bortezomib. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: Another potentially attractive target is the human homologue of the murine double minute-2 protein, HDM-2, which serves as the major p53 E3 ubiquitin ligase; we therefore evaluated the activity of a novel agent, MI-63, which disrupts the HDM-2/p53 interaction. RESULTS: Treatment of wild-type p53 mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) cell lines with MI-63 resulted in a dose- and time-dependent inhibition of proliferation, with an IC(50) in the 0.5 to 5.0 micromol/L range. MI-63 induced p53 and HDM-2 accumulation, as well as other downstream p53 targets such as p53 up-regulated modulator of apoptosis and p21(Cip1). This was associated with cell cycle arrest at G(1)-S; activation of caspase-3, caspase-8, and caspase-9; cleavage of poly-(ADP-ribose) polymerase; and loss of E2F1. HDM-2 inhibition caused phosphorylation of p53 at multiple serine residues, including 15, 37, and 392, which coincided with low levels of DNA strand breaks. DNA damage occurred in a small percentage of cells and did not induce phosphorylation of the DNA damage marker H2A.X(Ser139). Combinations of MI-63 with the molecularly targeted agents bortezomib and rapamycin showed synergistic, sequence-dependent antiproliferative effects. Treatment of primary MCL patient samples resulted in apoptosis and induction of p53 and p21, which was not seen in normal controls. CONCLUSIONS: These findings support the hypothesis that inhibition of the HDM-2/p53 interaction may be a promising approach both by itself and in combination with currently used chemotherapeutics against lymphoid malignancies.
- Jones, RJ; Chen, Q; Voorhees, PM; Young, KH; Bruey-Sedano, N; Yang, D; Orlowski, RZ
- September 1, 2008
Volume / Issue
- 14 / 17
Start / End Page
- 5416 - 5425
Pubmed Central ID
International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
- United States