A functional macrophage migration inhibitory factor promoter polymorphism is associated with reduced diffusing capacity.
Cigarette smoke exposure is the leading modifiable risk factor for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD); however, the clinical and pathologic consequences of chronic cigarette smoke exposure are variable among smokers. Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) is a pleiotropic cytokine implicated in the pathogenesis of COPD. Within the promoter of the MIF gene is a functional polymorphism that regulates MIF expression (-794 CATT5-8 microsatellite repeat) ( rs5844572 ). The role of this polymorphim in mediating disease susceptibility to COPD-related traits remains unknown. We performed a cross-sectional analysis of DNA samples from 641 subjects to analyze MIF-794 CATT5-8 ( rs5844572 ) polymorphism by standard methods. We generated multivariable logistic regression models to determine the risk of low expressing MIF alleles for airflow obstruction [defined by forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1)/forced vital capacity ratio <0.70] and an abnormal diffusion capacity [defined by a diffusion capacity for carbon monoxide (DLCO) percent predicted <80%]. We then used generalized linear models to determine the association of MIF genotypes with FEV1 percent predicted and DLCO percent predicted. The MIF-794 CATT5 allele was associated with an abnormal diffusion capacity in two cohorts [odds ratio (OR): 9.31, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.97-4.06; and OR: 2.21, 95% CI: 1.03-4.75]. Similarly, the MIF-794 CATT5 allele was associated with a reduced DLCO percentage predicted in these two cohorts: 63.5 vs. 70.0 ( P = 0.0023) and 60.1 vs. 65.4 ( P = 0.059). This study suggests an association between a common genetic polymorphism of an endogenous innate immune gene, MIF, with reduced DLCO, an important measurement of COPD severity.
Zhang, C; Ramsey, C; Berical, A; Yu, L; Leng, L; McGinnis, KA; Song, Y; Michael, H; McCormack, MC; Allore, H; Morris, A; Crothers, K; Bucala, R; Lee, PJ; Sauler, M
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