Carbon monoxide modulates Fas/Fas ligand, caspases, and Bcl-2 family proteins via the p38alpha mitogen-activated protein kinase pathway during ischemia-reperfusion lung injury.
Carbon monoxide is protective in ischemia-reperfusion organ injury, but the precise mechanisms remain elusive. We have recently shown that low levels of exogenous carbon monoxide (CO) utilize p38 MAPK and attenuate caspase 3 activity to exert an antiapoptotic effect during lung ischemia-reperfusion injury. Our current data demonstrate that CO activates the p38alpha MAPK isoform and the upstream MAPK kinase MKK3 to modulate Fas/Fas ligand expression; caspases 3, 8, and 9; mitochondrial cytochrome c release; Bcl-2 proteins; and poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase cleavage. We correlate our in vitro findings with in vivo studies using MKK3-deficient and Fas-deficient mice. Taken together, our data are the first to demonstrate that CO has an antiapoptotic effect by inhibiting Fas/Fas ligand, caspases, proapoptotic Bcl-2 proteins, and cytochrome c release via the MKK3/p38alpha MAPK pathway.
Zhang, X; Shan, P; Alam, J; Davis, RJ; Flavell, RA; Lee, PJ
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