Deep Learning to Predict Traumatic Brain Injury Outcomes in the Low-Resource Setting.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

OBJECTIVE: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) disproportionately affects low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). In these settings, accurate patient prognostication is both difficult and essential for high-quality patient care. With the ultimate goal of enhancing TBI triage in LMICs, we aim to develop the first deep learning model to predict outcomes after TBI and compare its performance with that of less complex algorithms. METHODS: TBI patients' data were prospectively collected in Kampala, Uganda, from 2016 to 2020. To predict good versus poor outcome at hospital discharge, we created deep neural network, shallow neural network, and elastic-net regularized logistic regression models. Predictors included 13 easily acquirable clinical variables. We assessed model performance with 5-fold cross-validation to calculate areas under both the receiver operating characteristic curve and precision-recall curve (AUPRC), in addition to standardized partial AUPRC to focus on comparisons at clinically relevant operating points. RESULTS: We included 2164 patients for model training, of which 12% had poor outcomes. The deep neural network performed best as measured by the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (0.941) and standardized partial AUPRC in region maximizing recall (0.291), whereas the shallow neural network was best by the area under the precision-recall curve (0.770). In several other comparisons, the elastic-net regularized logistic regression was noninferior to the neural networks. CONCLUSIONS: We present the first use of deep learning for TBI prognostication, with an emphasis on LMICs, where there is great need for decision support to allocate limited resources. Optimal algorithm selection depends on the specific clinical setting; deep learning is not a panacea, though it may have a role in these efforts.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Adil, SM; Elahi, C; Patel, DN; Seas, A; Warman, PI; Fuller, AT; Haglund, MM; Dunn, TW

Published Date

  • August 2022

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 164 /

Start / End Page

  • e8 - e16

PubMed ID

  • 35247613

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1878-8769

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.wneu.2022.02.097


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States