Dysregulation of the miR-30c/DLL4 axis by circHIPK3 is essential for KSHV lytic replication.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

Non-coding RNA (ncRNA) regulatory networks are emerging as critical regulators of gene expression. These intricate networks of ncRNA:ncRNA interactions modulate multiple cellular pathways and impact the development and progression of multiple diseases. Herpesviruses, including Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus, are adept at utilising ncRNAs, encoding their own as well as dysregulating host ncRNAs to modulate virus gene expression and the host response to infection. Research has mainly focused on unidirectional ncRNA-mediated regulation of target protein-coding transcripts; however, we identify a novel host ncRNA regulatory network essential for KSHV lytic replication in B cells. KSHV-mediated upregulation of the host cell circRNA, circHIPK3, is a key component of this network, functioning as a competing endogenous RNA of miR-30c, leading to increased levels of the miR-30c target, DLL4. Dysregulation of this network highlights a novel mechanism of cell cycle control during KSHV lytic replication in B cells. Importantly, disruption at any point within this novel ncRNA regulatory network has a detrimental effect on KSHV lytic replication, highlighting the essential nature of this network and potential for therapeutic intervention.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Harper, KL; Mottram, TJ; Anene, CA; Foster, B; Patterson, MR; McDonnell, E; Macdonald, A; Westhead, D; Whitehouse, A

Published Date

  • May 4, 2022

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 23 / 5

Start / End Page

  • e54117 -

PubMed ID

  • 35239998

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC9066072

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1469-3178

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.15252/embr.202154117


  • eng

Conference Location

  • England