Physical activity and depressive symptoms among adolescents in a school-based sample.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

OBJECTIVE: To explore associations between self-reported weekly physical activity and depressive symptomatology among adolescents in a school-based sample from Brazil. METHODS: We surveyed 7,405 adolescents aged 14 to 16 years in 101 public schools in Porto Alegre, Brazil. We assessed physical activity using an adapted version of the Patient-Centered Assessment and Counseling for Exercise Plus Nutrition - Adolescent Physical Activity Measure (PACE+), and depressive symptoms using the Brazilian Portuguese version of the Patient Health Questionnaire - Adolescent Version. We compared the depressive symptom scores among adolescents with varying levels of physical activity. RESULTS: Of the overall sample, 84.4% exercised less than the recommended frequency of 60 minutes/day, at least 5 days/week, of moderate to intense physical activity (PACE+ score ≥ 5). Adolescents whose physical activity levels fell below that threshold had higher median depression scores (8 [IQR = 10] vs. 7 [IQR = 9], W = 4060461, p < 0.001). A similar pattern was observed for depression scores in those with PACE+ < 1 (median of 10 [IQR = 11]) and ≥ 1 (7 [IQR = 9], W = 7457608, p < 0.001). CONCLUSION: In this large sample of Brazilian adolescents, those who exercised less frequently and vigorously than their peers reported more depressive symptoms.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Velazquez, B; Petresco, S; Pereira, R; Buchweitz, C; Manfro, PH; Caye, A; Fisher, HL; Kohrt, BA; Mondelli, V; Kieling, C

Published Date

  • May 2022

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 44 / 3

Start / End Page

  • 313 - 316

PubMed ID

  • 35262617

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC9169468

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1809-452X

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1590/1516-4446-2021-2235


  • eng

Conference Location

  • Brazil