Quantitative EEG amplitude across REM sleep periods in depression: preliminary report.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

OBJECTIVE: To determine if there are significant differences in the temporal organization of rapid eye movement (REM) sleep microarchitecture between healthy controls and outpatients with major depressive disorder (MDD). METHODS: Forty age-matched subjects, 20 men and 20 women, half with MDD, were selected from an archive of sleep electroencephalography (EEG) data collected under identical conditions. Each participant spent 2 consecutive nights in the Sleep Study Unit of the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas, the first of which served as adaptation. The average amplitude in each of 5 conventional EEG frequency bands was computed for each REM period across the second night. Data were then coded for group and sex. RESULTS: Aside from REM latency, none of the key sleep macroarchitectural variables differentiated MDD patients from controls. REM latency was longest in men with MDD. Sleep microarchitecture, however, did show a number of between-group differences. In general, slower frequencies declined across REM periods, with a significant REM period effect for delta, theta and alpha amplitude. Group x sex interactions were also obtained for theta and alpha. Beta activity showed a unique temporal profile in each group, supported by a significant REM period x group x sex interaction. In addition, the temporal change in theta amplitude across REM periods was most striking in women with MDD. CONCLUSIONS: This study suggests that, like during non-REM sleep, EEG amplitude shows a systematic temporal change over successive REM sleep periods and also shows elements that are both disease- and sex-dependent.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Liscombe, MP; Hoffmann, RF; Trivedi, MH; Parker, MK; Rush, AJ; Armitage, R

Published Date

  • January 2002

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 27 / 1

Start / End Page

  • 40 - 46

PubMed ID

  • 11836975

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC149794

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1180-4882


  • eng

Conference Location

  • Canada