International consensus statement on allergy and rhinology: Olfaction.

Journal Article (Journal Article;Review)

BACKGROUND: The literature regarding clinical olfaction, olfactory loss, and olfactory dysfunction has expanded rapidly over the past two decades, with an exponential rise in the past year. There is substantial variability in the quality of this literature and a need to consolidate and critically review the evidence. It is with that aim that we have gathered experts from around the world to produce this International Consensus on Allergy and Rhinology: Olfaction (ICAR:O). METHODS: Using previously described methodology, specific topics were developed relating to olfaction. Each topic was assigned a literature review, evidence-based review, or evidence-based review with recommendations format as dictated by available evidence and scope within the ICAR:O document. Following iterative reviews of each topic, the ICAR:O document was integrated and reviewed by all authors for final consensus. RESULTS: The ICAR:O document reviews nearly 100 separate topics within the realm of olfaction, including diagnosis, epidemiology, disease burden, diagnosis, testing, etiology, treatment, and associated pathologies. CONCLUSION: This critical review of the existing clinical olfaction literature provides much needed insight and clarity into the evaluation, diagnosis, and treatment of patients with olfactory dysfunction, while also clearly delineating gaps in our knowledge and evidence base that we should investigate further.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Patel, ZM; Holbrook, EH; Turner, JH; Adappa, ND; Albers, MW; Altundag, A; Appenzeller, S; Costanzo, RM; Croy, I; Davis, GE; Dehgani-Mobaraki, P; Doty, RL; Duffy, VB; Goldstein, BJ; Gudis, DA; Haehner, A; Higgins, TS; Hopkins, C; Huart, C; Hummel, T; Jitaroon, K; Kern, RC; Khanwalkar, AR; Kobayashi, M; Kondo, K; Lane, AP; Lechner, M; Leopold, DA; Levy, JM; Marmura, MJ; Mclelland, L; Miwa, T; Moberg, PJ; Mueller, CA; Nigwekar, SU; O'Brien, EK; Paunescu, TG; Pellegrino, R; Philpott, C; Pinto, JM; Reiter, ER; Roalf, DR; Rowan, NR; Schlosser, RJ; Schwob, J; Seiden, AM; Smith, TL; Soler, ZM; Sowerby, L; Tan, BK; Thamboo, A; Wrobel, B; Yan, CH

Published Date

  • April 2022

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 12 / 4

Start / End Page

  • 327 - 680

PubMed ID

  • 35373533

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 2042-6984

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1002/alr.22929


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States