Initial experience with a transcatheter septal closure system for secondary stroke prevention in patients with interatrial septal defects.
Journal Article (Journal Article)
BACKGROUND: Percutaneous transcatheter closure of a patent foramen ovale (PFO) has been utilized over the last several years to prevent thromboembolic events in selected patients with a prior cryptogenic stroke. We describe our initial experience at Hartford Hospital with a transcatheter PFO closure system and our multidisciplinary approach. METHODS: From March to November 2002, we performed percutaneous transcatheter closure of a PFO in 16 patients with a prior history of cryptogenic stroke(s) and/or transient ischemic attack using the CardioSEAL Septal Occluder system. All 16 patients had a PFO visualized on their transesophageal echocardiogram (TEE) study, and 15 patients also had an atrial septal aneurysm. PFO closure was performed with a CardioSEAL Septal Occluder in the cardiac catheterization laboratory under general anesthesia with TEE guidance. Following device placement, all patients were discharged on a regimen of aspirin and clopidigrel, with follow-up in the Stroke Clinic. RESULTS: Successful deployment of the septal occluder and effective PFO closure was achieved in all 16 patients with no major procedural or in-hospital complications. Short-term clinical follow-up has demonstrated no recurrent neurologic thromboembolic events, but one patient was rehospitalized for de novo atrial fibrillation. Follow-up transthoracic echocardiographic assessment at three to six months postprocedure, obtained in eight patients thus far, has demonstrated no residual interatrial shunting. CONCLUSION: Our early results suggest that percutaneous PFO closure with the CardioSEAL Septal Occluder system is a safe option for secondary stroke prevention in carefully selected patients with interatrial septal defects and a history of cryptogenic stroke or TIA. Patient selection and the long-term effectiveness and safety of this approach require further assessment.
- Silverman, IE; Kiernan, FJ; Kelsey, AM; Brakoniecki, JJ; Kazi, FA; Dougherty, JE; Boden, WE; McKay, RG
- March 2003
Volume / Issue
- 67 / 3
Start / End Page
- 135 - 144
International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)
- United States