Applying pytorch toolkit to plan optimization for circular cone based robotic radiotherapy.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

BACKGROUND: Robotic linac is ideally suited to deliver hypo-fractionated radiotherapy due to its compact head and flexible positioning. The non-coplanar treatment space improves the delivery versatility but the complexity also leads to prolonged optimization and treatment time. METHODS: In this study, we attempted to use the deep learning (pytorch) framework for the plan optimization of circular cone based robotic radiotherapy. The optimization problem was topologized into a simple feedforward neural network, thus the treatment plan optimization was transformed into network training. With this transformation, the pytorch toolkit with high-efficiency automatic differentiation (AD) for gradient calculation was used as the optimization solver. To improve the treatment efficiency, plans with fewer nodes and beams were sought. The least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (lasso) and the group lasso were employed to address the "sparsity" issue. RESULTS: The AD-S (AD sparse) approach was validated on 6 brain and 6 liver cancer cases and the results were compared with the commercial MultiPlan (MLP) system. It was found that the AD-S plans achieved rapid dose fall-off and satisfactory sparing of organs at risk (OARs). Treatment efficiency was improved by the reduction in the number of nodes (28%) and beams (18%), and monitor unit (MU, 24%), respectively. The computational time was shortened to 47.3 s on average. CONCLUSIONS: In summary, this first attempt of applying deep learning framework to the robotic radiotherapy plan optimization is promising and has the potential to be used clinically.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Liang, B; Wei, R; Zhang, J; Li, Y; Yang, T; Xu, S; Zhang, K; Xia, W; Guo, B; Liu, B; Zhou, F; Wu, Q; Dai, J

Published Date

  • April 20, 2022

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 17 / 1

Start / End Page

  • 82 -

PubMed ID

  • 35443714

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC9022303

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1748-717X

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1186/s13014-022-02045-y


  • eng

Conference Location

  • England