Analysis of a Real-World Progression Variable and Related Endpoints for Patients with Five Different Cancer Types.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

INTRODUCTION: We previously demonstrated that real-world progression (rwP) can be ascertained from unstructured electronic health record (EHR)-derived documents using a novel abstraction approach for patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (base case). The objective of this methodological study was to assess the reliability, clinical relevance, and the need for disease-specific adjustments of this abstraction approach in five additional solid tumor types. METHODS: Patients with metastatic breast cancer (mBC), advanced melanoma (aMel), small cell lung cancer (SCLC), metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC), and advanced gastric/esophageal cancer (aGEC) were selected from a real-world database. Disease-specific additions to the base case were implemented as needed. The resulting abstraction approach was applied to each disease cohort to capture rwP events and dates. To provide comprehensive clinical context, real-world progression-free survival (rwPFS) and time to progression (rwTTP) were compared to real-world overall survival (rwOS), time to next treatment (rwTTNT), and time to treatment discontinuation (rwTTD). Endpoint estimates were assessed using the Kaplan-Meier method. Correlations between real-world endpoints and rwOS were calculated using Spearman's ρ. RESULTS: Additions to the base-case rwP abstraction approach were required for mBC, aMel, and SCLC. Inter-abstractor agreement for rwP occurrence, irrespective of date, ranged from 88% to 97%. Occurrence of clinically relevant downstream events (new antineoplastic systemic therapy start, antineoplastic systemic therapy end, or death relative to the rwP event) ranged from 59% (aMel) to 72% (mBC). Median rwPFS ranged from 3.7 (aMel) to 7.7 (mBC) months, and median rwTTP ranged from 4.6 (aMel) to 8.3 (mRCC) months. Correlations between rwOS and rwPFS ranged from 0.52 (aMel) to 0.82 (SCLC). The correlation between rwOS and rwTTD was often lower relative to other comparisons (range 0.40-0.62). CONCLUSION: Derivation of a rwP variable from EHR documentation is feasible and reliable across the five solid tumors. Endpoint analyses show that rwP produces clinically meaningful information.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Torres, AZ; Nussbaum, NC; Parrinello, CM; Bourla, AB; Bowser, BE; Wagner, S; Tabano, DC; George, D; Miksad, RA

Published Date

  • June 2022

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 39 / 6

Start / End Page

  • 2831 - 2849

PubMed ID

  • 35430670

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC9123022

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1865-8652

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1007/s12325-022-02091-8

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States