Presurgical detection of brain invasion status in meningiomas based on first-order histogram based texture analysis of contrast enhanced imaging.
OBJECTIVE: Invasion of brain parenchyma by meningioma can be a critical factor in surgical planning. The aim of this study was to determine the diagnostic utility of first-order texture parameters derived from both whole tumor and single largest slice of T1-contrast enhanced (T1-CE) images in differentiating meningiomas with and without brain invasion based on histopathology demonstration. METHODS: T1-CE images of a total of 56 cases of grade II meningiomas with brain invasion (BI) and 52 meningiomas (37 grade I and 15 grade II) with no brain invasion (NBI) were analyzed. Filtration-based first-order histogram derived texture parameters were calculated both for whole tumor volume and largest axial cross-section. Random forest models were constructed both for whole tumor volume and largest axial cross-section individually and were assessed using a 5-fold cross validation with 100 repeats. RESULTS: In detection of brain invasion, random forest model based on whole tumor segmentation had an AUC of 0.988 (95 % CI 0.976-1.00) with a cross validated value of 0.74 (95 % CI 0.45-0.96). For differentiation of grade I meningiomas from grade II meningiomas with brain invasion, the AUC was 0.999 (95 % CI 0.995-1.00) and 0.81 (95 % CI 0.61-0.99) in the training and validation cohorts, respectively. Similarly, when using only the single largest slice, the cross-validated AUC to distinguish BI versus NBI and BI versus grade I meningiomas was 0.67 (95 % CI 0.47, 0.92 and 0.78 (95 % CI 0.52, 0.95) respectively. CONCLUSION: Radiomics based feature analysis applied on routine MRI post-contrast images may be helpful to predict presence of brain invasion in meningioma, possibly with better performance when comparing BI versus grade I meningiomas.
Kandemirli, SG; Chopra, S; Priya, S; Ward, C; Locke, T; Soni, N; Srivastava, S; Jones, K; Bathla, G
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