Orbital granulomatosis with polyangiitis (Wegener granulomatosis): clinical and pathologic findings.

Journal Article (Journal Article;Review)

The pathology of granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA), formerly Wegener granulomatosis, typically features a granulomatous and sometimes necrotizing vasculitis targeting the respiratory tract and kidneys. However, orbital involvement occurs in up to 60% of patients and is frequently the first or only clinical presentation in patients with systemic or limited forms of GPA. Orbital GPA can cause significant morbidity and potentially lead to complete loss of vision and permanent facial deformity. Fortunately, GPA is highly responsive to medical treatment with corticosteroids combined with cyclophosphamide or, more recently, rituximab. Therefore, it is imperative for this disease to be accurately diagnosed on orbital biopsy and distinguished from other histologically similar orbital lesions. Herein, we review the clinical and pathologic findings of orbital GPA, focusing on the differentiation of this disease from other inflammatory orbital lesions.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Muller, K; Lin, JH

Published Date

  • August 2014

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 138 / 8

Start / End Page

  • 1110 - 1114

PubMed ID

  • 25076302

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC4140401

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1543-2165

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.5858/arpa.2013-0006-RS

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States