OSCA1 is an osmotic specific sensor: a method to distinguish Ca2+ -mediated osmotic and ionic perception.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

Genetic mutants defective in stimulus-induced Ca2+ increases have been gradually isolated, allowing the identification of cell-surface sensors/receptors, such as the osmosensor OSCA1. However, determining the Ca2+ -signaling specificity to various stimuli in these mutants remains a challenge. For instance, less is known about the exact selectivity between osmotic and ionic stresses in the osca1 mutant. Here, we have developed a method to distinguish the osmotic and ionic effects by analyzing Ca2+ increases, and demonstrated that osca1 is impaired primarily in Ca2+ increases induced by the osmotic but not ionic stress. We recorded Ca2+ increases induced by sorbitol (osmotic effect, OE) and NaCl/CaCl2 (OE + ionic effect, IE) in Arabidopsis wild-type and osca1 seedlings. We assumed the NaCl/CaCl2 total effect (TE) = OE + IE, then developed procedures for Ca2+ imaging, image analysis and mathematic fitting/modeling, and found osca1 defects mainly in OE. The osmotic specificity of osca1 suggests that osmotic and ionic perceptions are independent. The precise estimation of these two stress effects is applicable not only to new Ca2+ -signaling mutants with distinct stimulus specificity but also the complex Ca2+ signaling crosstalk among multiple concurrent stresses that occur naturally, and will enable us to specifically fine tune multiple signal pathways to improve crop yields.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Pei, S; Liu, Y; Li, W; Krichilsky, B; Dai, S; Wang, Y; Wang, X; Johnson, DM; Crawford, BM; Swift, GB; Vo-Dinh, T; Pei, Z-M; Yuan, F

Published Date

  • August 2022

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 235 / 4

Start / End Page

  • 1665 - 1678

PubMed ID

  • 35527515

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1469-8137

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0028-646X

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1111/nph.18217

Language

  • eng