Hypertension and infant outcomes: North Carolina pregnancy risks assessment monitoring system data.

Journal Article (Journal Article;Review)

This study examined the risk factors that moderate the relationship between hypertension and infant outcomes or were independent risk factors in a large and diverse sample of pregnant women with and without hypertension before conception. The sample included 2,996 women, where 197 had hypertension. Black women comprised 35.5% of the hypertension group relative to 19.7% of non-hypertension. Women with hypertension were more likely to have more preterm births (17.7% vs. 7.4%; ARR = 1.91, p <.001) and have infants with low birth weights (16.8% vs. 6.7%; ARR = 2.26, p <.001), independent of other maternal risk factors in logistic modeling. Maternal Black race versus White also was independently associated with preterm birth (ARR = 1.42, p =.045) and low birth weight (ARR = 1.72, p <.001). Maternal age and race did not significantly moderate the effects of hypertension on infant outcomes, but both Black race and hypertension status were independently associated with adverse birth outcomes.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Avorgbedor, F; Silva, S; McCoy, TP; Blumenthal, JA; Merwin, E; Seonae, Y; Holditch-Davis, D

Published Date

  • June 2022

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 28 /

Start / End Page

  • 189 - 193

PubMed ID

  • 35576746

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 2210-7797

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.preghy.2022.05.004


  • eng

Conference Location

  • Netherlands