R-BIND 2.0: An Updated Database of Bioactive RNA-Targeting Small Molecules and Associated RNA Secondary Structures.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

Discoveries of RNA roles in cellular physiology and pathology are increasing the need for new tools that modulate the structure and function of these biomolecules, and small molecules are proving useful. In 2017, we curated the R NA-targeted BI oactive ligaN d D atabase (R-BIND) and discovered distinguishing physicochemical properties of RNA-targeting ligands, leading us to propose the existence of an "RNA-privileged" chemical space. Biennial updates of the database and the establishment of a website platform (rbind.chem.duke.edu) have provided new insights and tools to design small molecules based on the analyzed physicochemical and spatial properties. In this report and R-BIND 2.0 update, we refined the curation approach and ligand classification system as well as conducted analyses of RNA structure elements for the first time to identify new targeting strategies. Specifically, we curated and analyzed RNA target structural motifs to determine the properties of small molecules that may confer selectivity for distinct RNA secondary and tertiary structures. Additionally, we collected sequences of target structures and incorporated an RNA structure search algorithm into the website that outputs small molecules targeting similar motifs without a priori secondary structure knowledge. Cheminformatic analyses revealed that, despite the 50% increase in small molecule library size, the distinguishing properties of R-BIND ligands remained significantly different from that of proteins and are therefore still relevant to RNA-targeted probe discovery. Combined, we expect these novel insights and website features to enable the rational design of RNA-targeted ligands and to serve as a resource and inspiration for a variety of scientists interested in RNA targeting.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Donlic, A; Swanson, EG; Chiu, L-Y; Wicks, SL; Juru, AU; Cai, Z; Kassam, K; Laudeman, C; Sanaba, BG; Sugarman, A; Han, E; Tolbert, BS; Hargrove, AE

Published Date

  • June 2022

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 17 / 6

Start / End Page

  • 1556 - 1566

PubMed ID

  • 35594415

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC9343015

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1554-8937

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1554-8929

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1021/acschembio.2c00224


  • eng