Land-use emissions embodied in international trade.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

International trade separates consumption of goods from related environmental impacts, including greenhouse gas emissions from agriculture and land-use change (together referred to as "land-use emissions"). Through use of new emissions estimates and a multiregional input-output model, we evaluated land-use emissions embodied in global trade from 2004 to 2017. Annually, 27% of land-use emissions and 22% of agricultural land are related to agricultural products ultimately consumed in a different region from where they were produced. Roughly three-quarters of embodied emissions are from land-use change, with the largest transfers from lower-income countries such as Brazil, Indonesia, and Argentina to more industrialized regions such as Europe, the United States, and China. Mitigation of global land-use emissions and sustainable development may thus depend on improving the transparency of supply chains.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Hong, C; Zhao, H; Qin, Y; Burney, JA; Pongratz, J; Hartung, K; Liu, Y; Moore, FC; Jackson, RB; Zhang, Q; Davis, SJ

Published Date

  • May 2022

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 376 / 6593

Start / End Page

  • 597 - 603

PubMed ID

  • 35511968

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1095-9203

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0036-8075

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1126/science.abj1572


  • eng