The role of trauma, social support, and demography on veteran resilience.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

Background: Historically, resilience has often been conceptualized as the sustained lack of symptoms following trauma exposure. In line with a novel conceptualization of resilience as being dynamic over lifespan, determined by interacting biological and environmental factors, we examined the VA Mid-Atlantic Post Deployment Mental Health Repository (PDMH) comprised of 3876 US Military Veterans with and without PTSD diagnoses. Methods: We performed regression modelling to study the relationship between resilience (measured with Connor Davidson Resilience Scale; CD-RISC), posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) severity (Davidson Trauma Scale; DTS), social support (Medical Outcome Study Social Support Survey; MOSSS), combat exposure (Combat Exposure Scale; CES), childhood trauma (Trauma Life Events Questionnaire; TLEQ), and demographic factors. CD-RISC was positively correlated with years of education and negatively correlated with DTS, CES and TLEQ scores. Results: We found an interaction between CD-RISC and CES in predicting PTSD severity (Davidson Trauma Scale). Specifically, high resilience predicted lower PTSD symptom severity than low resilience, this relationship was amplified with increasing levels of combat exposure. Structural equation modelling (SEM) identified an optimal latent variable that represents resilience and relationships between latent variables for resilience, trauma, and illness. We derived a resilience latent variable composed of age, education level, MOSSS and race. Conclusions: Our results support a conceptualization of resilience as a multifactorial determinant that coexists with PTSD, a state rather than trait variable, and can be quantified by biological and behavioural metrics. HIGHLIGHTS: • Historically, resilience has often been conceptualized as the sustained lack of symptoms following trauma exposure.• We examined the VA Mid-Atlantic Post Deployment Mental Health Repository (PDMH) comprised of 3876 US Military Veterans.• We found an interaction effect between CD-RISC and CES in predicting PTSD severity (Davidson Trauma Scale).

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Rakesh, G; Clausen, AN; Buckley, MN; Clarke-Rubright, E; Fairbank, JA; Wagner, HR; VA Mid-Atlantic MIRECC Workgroup, ; Morey, RA

Published Date

  • 2022

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 13 / 1

Start / End Page

  • 2058267 -

PubMed ID

  • 35599980

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC9116243

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 2000-8066

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1080/20008198.2022.2058267

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States