Comparative Analysis of rRNA Removal Methods for RNA-Seq Differential Expression in Halophilic Archaea.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

Despite intense recent research interest in archaea, the scientific community has experienced a bottleneck in the study of genome-scale gene expression experiments by RNA-seq due to the lack of commercial and specifically designed rRNA depletion kits. The high rRNA:mRNA ratio (80-90%: ~10%) in prokaryotes hampers global transcriptomic analysis. Insufficient ribodepletion results in low sequence coverage of mRNA, and therefore, requires a substantially higher number of replicate samples and/or sequencing reads to achieve statistically reliable conclusions regarding the significance of differential gene expression between case and control samples. Here, we show that after the discontinuation of the previous version of RiboZero (Illumina, San Diego, CA, USA) that was useful in partially or completely depleting rRNA from archaea, archaeal transcriptomics studies have experienced a slowdown. To overcome this limitation, here, we analyze the efficiency for four different hybridization-based kits from three different commercial suppliers, each with two sets of sequence-specific probes to remove rRNA from four different species of halophilic archaea. We conclude that the key for transcriptomic success with the currently available tools is the probe-specificity for the rRNA sequence hybridization. With this paper, we provide insights into the archaeal community for selecting certain reagents and strategies over others depending on the archaeal species of interest. These methods yield improved RNA-seq sensitivity and enhanced detection of low abundance transcripts.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Pastor, MM; Sakrikar, S; Rodriguez, DN; Schmid, AK

Published Date

  • May 10, 2022

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 12 / 5

Start / End Page

  • 682 -

PubMed ID

  • 35625610

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC9138242

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 2218-273X

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 2218-273X

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.3390/biom12050682

Language

  • eng