Interactions among key residues regulate mammalian odorant receptor trafficking.
Journal Article (Journal Article)
Odorant receptors (ORs) expressed in mammalian olfactory sensory neurons are essential for the sense of smell. However, structure-function studies of many ORs are hampered by unsuccessful heterologous expression. To understand and eventually overcome this bottleneck, we performed heterologous expression and functional assays of over 80 OR variants and chimeras. Combined with literature data and machine learning, we found that the transmembrane domain 4 (TM4) and its interactions with neighbor residues are important for OR functional expression. The data highlight critical roles of T4.62 therein. ORs that fail to reach the cell membrane can be rescued by modifications in TM4. Consequently, such modifications in MOR256-3 (Olfr124) also alter OR responses to odorants. T1614.62 P causes the retention of MOR256-3 in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER), while T1614.62 P/T1484.49 A reverses the retention and makes receptor trafficking to cell membrane. This study offers new clues toward wide-range functional studies of mammalian ORs.
- Xu, R; Cong, X; Zheng, Q; Xu, L; Ni, MJ; de March, CA; Matsunami, H; Golebiowski, J; Ma, M; Yu, Y
- July 2022
- Faseb Journal : Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
Volume / Issue
- 36 / 7
Start / End Page
- e22384 -
Pubmed Central ID
Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
- United States