Interventions Against Disability in Frail Older Adults: Lessons Learned from Clinical Trials.
As the population ages, the number of older people with frailty is expected to increase worldwide with consequent rising of expenditures for healthcare and long-term care. Effective methods for preventing or delaying the onset of disability are urgently required. Frailty is a common and important geriatric condition characterized by age-associated declines in multiple physiological mechanisms, leading to increased vulnerability to stressors and higher risk for adverse health outcomes. Significant advancements have been made in the understanding of the frailty pathophysiological background. Given its multidimensional nature, reversing frailty requires a comprehensive approach. In this context, several studies testing the effects of pharmacological approach, physical activity, nutritional intervention, or cognitive training showed evidence of efficacy in frail older adults. Important innovations in ongoing trials include the development of multidomain interventions. Challenges include the use of trial designs, the development of standardized, sensitive outcome measures, and the need for interventions that can be implemented in resource-poor settings. In this viewpoint paper, based on recent literature, our aim was to identify relevant studies performed to reverse or delay disability in frail older adults.
Fougère, B; Morley, JE; Little, MO; De Souto Barreto, P; Cesari, M; Vellas, B
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