Prevalence of, and predictors of, bile acid diarrhea in outpatients with chronic diarrhea: A follow-up study.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

BACKGROUND: 23-seleno-25-homo-tauro-cholic acid (SeHCAT) scanning to rule out bile acid diarrhea (BAD) in patients with chronic diarrhea has a high yield. Our previous study showed that patients with terminal ileal (TI) Crohn's disease, TI resection, or cholecystectomy were highly likely to have an abnormal scan. As a result, we encouraged clinicians to use a therapeutic trial of a bile acid sequestrant in these patients, instead of scanning. This may have reduced diagnostic yield of the test, so we examined this issue, as well as factors predicting an abnormal scan, in a large cohort of patients referred subsequently. METHODS: We retrospectively identified 1,071 consecutive patients with chronic diarrhea undergoing SeHCAT scanning at Leeds Teaching Hospitals Trust from 2012 to 2016. We reviewed electronic patient records to obtain information on presenting gastrointestinal symptoms and any proposed risk factors for BAD. BAD was categorized according to subtype and severity. KEY RESULTS: As expected, indications for scanning changed between 2012 and 2016, with a significant reduction in referrals with TI Crohn's disease or resection year-on-year (P < 0.001). Despite this, 457 (42.7%) patients had BAD and there was no downward trend in yield of SeHCAT during the 5 year period (P = 0.39). Overall, 51.6% had type II BAD, 36.1% type III, and 12.3% type I. BAD was mild in 31.7%, moderate in 34.4%, and severe in 33.9%. In total, 653 (61.0%) patients had no known risk factors, other than chronic diarrhea, but 233 (35.7%) of these individuals had BAD, and in 143 (61.4%), this was moderate or severe. CONCLUSIONS AND INFERENCES: Despite reduced referrals for SeHCAT scanning in those with clear risk factors for BAD, the yield remained > 40%. One-third of those without known risk factors had BAD.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Lim, SJ; Gracie, DJ; Kane, JS; Mumtaz, S; Scarsbrook, AF; Chowdhury, FU; Ford, AC; Black, CJ

Published Date

  • September 2019

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 31 / 9

Start / End Page

  • e13666 -

PubMed ID

  • 31225936

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1365-2982

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1111/nmo.13666


  • eng

Conference Location

  • England