Efficacy of infliximab in acute severe ulcerative colitis: a single-centre experience.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

AIM: To suggest infliximab (IFX) is effective for acute severe ulcerative colitis, from real-life clinical practice. METHODS: All patients receiving IFX for the treatment of acute severe ulcerative colitis in a single centre were included. Data were extracted from clinical records in order to assess response to IFX therapy. The primary endpoint was colectomy-free survival, and secondary outcomes included glucocorticosteroid-free remission and safety, which was evaluated by recording deaths and adverse events. Demographic and clinical characteristics of those who underwent colectomy and those who were colectomy-free, both at discharge from their index admission, and during follow-up after an initial response to IFX were compared. RESULTS: Forty-four patients (16 females, mean age 36 years) received IFX between May 2006 and January 2012 for acute severe ulcerative colitis. The median duration of follow-up post-first infusion was 396 d (interquartile range = 173-828 d). There were 21 (47.7%) patients with < 1 year of follow-up, 10 (22.7%) with 1 years to 2 years of follow-up, and 13 (29.5%) with > 2 years of follow-up post-first infusion of IFX. Overall, 35 (79.5%) responded to IFX, avoiding colectomy during their index admission, 29 (65.9%) were colectomy-free at last point of follow-up (median follow-up 396 d), and 25 (56.8%) were in glucocorticosteroid-free remission at end of follow-up. There was one death from post-operative sepsis, 20 d after a single IFX infusion. Colectomy rates were generally lower among those "bridging" to thiopurine. Of 18 patients "bridged" to thiopurine therapy, 17 (94.4%) were colectomy-free, and 15 (83.3%) were in glucocorticosteroid-free remission at study end. No predictors of response were identified. CONCLUSION: IFX is effective for acute severe ulcerative colitis in real-life clinical practice. Two-thirds of patients avoided colectomy, and more than 50% were in glucocorticosteroid-free remission.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Halpin, SJ; Hamlin, PJ; Greer, DP; Warren, L; Ford, AC

Published Date

  • February 21, 2013

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 19 / 7

Start / End Page

  • 1091 - 1097

PubMed ID

  • 23467174

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC3581997

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 2219-2840

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.3748/wjg.v19.i7.1091

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States