Responsible surgical innovation and research in maternal-fetal surgery.
The field of maternal-fetal intervention is rapidly evolving with new technologies and innovations. This raises complex ethical and medico-legal challenges related to what constitutes innovative treatment versus human experimentation, with or without the umbrella of "medical research." There exists a gray zone between these black and white classifications, but there are also clear guidelines that should be responsibly negotiated when making the essential transition between an innovative treatment and a validated therapy. This review attempts to define some of the current and future ethical challenges in maternal-fetal research, and to offer constructive insight into how they might be addressed.
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