Reduced oxygen concentration for the resuscitation of infants with congenital diaphragmatic hernia.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether infants with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) can be safely resuscitated with a reduced starting fraction of inspired oxygen (FiO2) of 0.5. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study comparing 68 patients resuscitated with starting FiO2 0.5 to 45 historical controls resuscitated with starting FiO2 1.0. RESULTS: Reduced starting FiO2 had no adverse effect upon survival, duration of intubation, need for ECMO, duration of ECMO, or time to surgery. Furthermore, it produced no increase in complications, adverse neurological events, or neurodevelopmental delay. The need to subsequently increase FiO2 to 1.0 was associated with female sex, lower gestational age, liver up, lower lung volume-head circumference ratio, decreased survival, a higher incidence of ECMO, longer time to surgery, periventricular leukomalacia, and lower neurodevelopmental motor scores. CONCLUSION: Starting FiO2 0.5 may be safe for the resuscitation of CDH infants. The need to increase FiO2 to 1.0 during resuscitation is associated with worse outcomes.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Riley, JS; Antiel, RM; Rintoul, NE; Ades, AM; Waqar, LN; Lin, N; Herkert, LM; D'Agostino, JA; Hoffman, C; Peranteau, WH; Flake, AW; Adzick, NS; Hedrick, HL

Published Date

  • July 2018

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 38 / 7

Start / End Page

  • 834 - 843

PubMed ID

  • 29887609

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1476-5543

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1038/s41372-017-0031-5


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States