Multi-institutional distributed data networks for real-world evidence about medical devices: building unique device identifiers into longitudinal data (BUILD).

Journal Article (Journal Article)

Objectives: To support development of a robust postmarket device evaluation system using real-world data (RWD) from electronic health records (EHRs) and other sources, employing unique device identifiers (UDIs) to link to device information. Methods: To create consistent device-related EHR RWD across 3 institutions, we established a distributed data network and created UDI-enriched research databases (UDIRs) employing a common data model comprised of 24 tables and 472 fields. To test the system, patients receiving coronary stents between 2010 and 2019 were loaded into each institution's UDIR to support distributed queries without sharing identifiable patient information. The ability of the system to execute queries was tested with 3 quality assurance checks. To demonstrate face validity of the data, a retrospective survival study of patients receiving zotarolimus or everolimus stents from 2012 to 2017 was performed using distributed analysis. Propensity score matching was used to compare risk of 6 cardiovascular outcomes within 12 months postimplantation. Results: The test queries established network functionality. In the analysis, we identified 9141 patients (Mercy = 4905, Geisinger = 4109, Intermountain = 127); mean age 65 ± 12 years, 69% males, 23% zotarolimus. Separate matched analyses at the 3 institutions showed hazard ratio estimates (zotarolimus vs everolimus) of 0.85-1.59 for subsequent percutaneous coronary intervention (P = .14-.52), 1.06-2.03 for death (P = .16-.78) and 0.94-1.40 for the composite endpoint (P = .16-.62). Discussion: The analysis results are consistent with clinical studies comparing these devices. Conclusion: This project shows that multi-institutional data networks can provide clinically relevant real-world evidence via distributed analysis while maintaining data privacy.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Drozda, JP; Graham, J; Muhlestein, JB; Tcheng, JE; Roach, J; Forsyth, T; Knight, S; McKinnon, A; May, H; Wilson, NA; Berlin, JA; Simard, EP

Published Date

  • July 2022

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 5 / 2

Start / End Page

  • ooac035 -

PubMed ID

  • 35663113

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC9154019

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 2574-2531

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1093/jamiaopen/ooac035

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States