Stenosing ureteritis in a 7-year-old boy with Henoch-Schönlein purpura nephritis: A case report and review of the literature.
INTRODUCTION: Urinary tract obstruction resulting from Henoch-Schönlein purpura (HSP) is an extremely rare urologic entity. If the genitourinary system is involved, it is primarily in the form of a focal proliferative glomerulonephritis. Stenosing disease has received little attention in the literature and treatment options are limited. Despite early intervention renal loss may be inevitable. CASE REPORT: A 7-year-old African American male presented with renal failure secondary to bilateral sclerosing ureteritis 1 month after initial presentation with HSP. There was significant disease progression and he required multiple procedures, ultimately bilateral ureterocalycostomies and a left nephrectomy. DISCUSSION: HSP is an immune-mediated necrotizing vasculitis. It can affect any organ system; however, in the genitourinary system, focal proliferative glomerulonephritis is a common manifestation, occurring in 20-90% of cases . Extrarenal manifestations are rare. CONCLUSION: Ureteritis and obstruction may be late occurrences, but should be considered in all patients presenting with a history of HSP and new-onset flank pain, acute renal failure, or anuria. Families and patients should be counseled that renal impairment may be a consequence of stenosing ureteritis. Management of these patients can be complicated but surgical correction must be considered in the treatment algorithm once the disease has stabilized.
Corbett, ST; Lennington, JN; Chua, AN; Gonzales, ET
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