Stenosing ureteritis in a 7-year-old boy with Henoch-Schönlein purpura nephritis: A case report and review of the literature.

Journal Article (Journal Article;Review)

INTRODUCTION: Urinary tract obstruction resulting from Henoch-Schönlein purpura (HSP) is an extremely rare urologic entity. If the genitourinary system is involved, it is primarily in the form of a focal proliferative glomerulonephritis. Stenosing disease has received little attention in the literature and treatment options are limited. Despite early intervention renal loss may be inevitable. CASE REPORT: A 7-year-old African American male presented with renal failure secondary to bilateral sclerosing ureteritis 1 month after initial presentation with HSP. There was significant disease progression and he required multiple procedures, ultimately bilateral ureterocalycostomies and a left nephrectomy. DISCUSSION: HSP is an immune-mediated necrotizing vasculitis. It can affect any organ system; however, in the genitourinary system, focal proliferative glomerulonephritis is a common manifestation, occurring in 20-90% of cases [8]. Extrarenal manifestations are rare. CONCLUSION: Ureteritis and obstruction may be late occurrences, but should be considered in all patients presenting with a history of HSP and new-onset flank pain, acute renal failure, or anuria. Families and patients should be counseled that renal impairment may be a consequence of stenosing ureteritis. Management of these patients can be complicated but surgical correction must be considered in the treatment algorithm once the disease has stabilized.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Corbett, ST; Lennington, JN; Chua, AN; Gonzales, ET

Published Date

  • December 2010

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 6 / 6

Start / End Page

  • 538 - 542

PubMed ID

  • 20382571

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1873-4898

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.jpurol.2010.03.001

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • England