Material decomposition from photon-counting CT using a convolutional neural network and energy-integrating CT training labels.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

Objective.Photon-counting CT (PCCT) has better dose efficiency and spectral resolution than energy-integrating CT, which is advantageous for material decomposition. Unfortunately, the accuracy of PCCT-based material decomposition is limited due to spectral distortions in the photon-counting detector (PCD).Approach.In this work, we demonstrate a deep learning (DL) approach that compensates for spectral distortions in the PCD and improves accuracy in material decomposition by using decomposition maps provided by high-dose multi-energy-integrating detector (EID) data as training labels. We use a 3D U-net architecture and compare networks with PCD filtered back projection (FBP) reconstruction (FBP2Decomp), PCD iterative reconstruction (Iter2Decomp), and PCD decomposition (Decomp2Decomp) as the input.Main results.We found that our Iter2Decomp approach performs best, but DL outperforms matrix inversion decomposition regardless of the input. Compared to PCD matrix inversion decomposition, Iter2Decomp gives 27.50% lower root mean squared error (RMSE) in the iodine (I) map and 59.87% lower RMSE in the photoelectric effect (PE) map. In addition, it increases the structural similarity (SSIM) by 1.92%, 6.05%, and 9.33% in the I, Compton scattering (CS), and PE maps, respectively. When taking measurements from iodine and calcium vials, Iter2Decomp provides excellent agreement with multi-EID decomposition. One limitation is some blurring caused by our DL approach, with a decrease from 1.98 line pairs/mm at 50% modulation transfer function (MTF) with PCD matrix inversion decomposition to 1.75 line pairs/mm at 50% MTF when using Iter2Decomp.Significance.Overall, this work demonstrates that our DL approach with high-dose multi-EID derived decomposition labels is effective at generating more accurate material maps from PCD data. More accurate preclinical spectral PCCT imaging such as this could serve for developing nanoparticles that show promise in the field of theranostics (therapy and diagnostics).

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Nadkarni, R; Allphin, A; Clark, DP; Badea, CT

Published Date

  • July 18, 2022

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 67 / 15

PubMed ID

  • 35767986

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1361-6560

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1088/1361-6560/ac7d34

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • England