Quantification of lung function on CT images based on pulmonary radiomic filtering.
Journal Article (Journal Article)
PURPOSE: To develop a radiomics filtering technique for characterizing spatial-encoded regional pulmonary ventilation information on lung computed tomography (CT). METHODS: The lung volume was segmented on 46 CT images, and a 3D sliding window kernel was implemented across the lung volume to capture the spatial-encoded image information. Fifty-three radiomic features were extracted within the kernel, resulting in a fourth-order tensor object. As such, each voxel coordinate of the original lung was represented as a 53-dimensional feature vector, such that radiomic features could be viewed as feature maps within the lungs. To test the technique as a potential pulmonary ventilation biomarker, the radiomic feature maps were compared to paired functional images (Galligas PET or DTPA-SPECT) based on the Spearman correlation (ρ) analysis. RESULTS: The radiomic feature maps GLRLM-based Run-Length Non-Uniformity and GLCOM-based Sum Average are found to be highly correlated with the functional imaging. The achieved ρ (median [range]) for the two features are 0.46 [0.05, 0.67] and 0.45 [0.21, 0.65] across 46 patients and 2 functional imaging modalities, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: The results provide evidence that local regions of sparsely encoded heterogeneous lung parenchyma on CT are associated with diminished radiotracer uptake and measured lung ventilation defects on PET/SPECT imaging. These findings demonstrate the potential of radiomics to serve as a complementary tool to the current lung quantification techniques and provide hypothesis-generating data for future studies.
- Yang, Z; Lafata, KJ; Chen, X; Bowsher, J; Chang, Y; Wang, C; Yin, F-F
- November 2022
Volume / Issue
- 49 / 11
Start / End Page
- 7278 - 7286
Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
- United States