An Endogenous TNF-α Antagonist Induced by Splice-switching Oligonucleotides Reduces Inflammation in Hepatitis and Arthritis Mouse Models.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

Tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) is a key mediator of inflammatory diseases, including rheumatoid arthritis (RA), and anti-TNF-α drugs such as etanercept are effective treatments. Splice-switching oligonucleotides (SSOs) are a new class of drugs designed to induce therapeutically favorable splice variants of targeted genes. In this work, we used locked nucleic acid (LNA)-based SSOs to modulate splicing of TNF receptor 2 (TNFR2) pre-mRNA. The SSO induced skipping of TNFR2 exon 7, which codes the transmembrane domain (TM), switching endogenous expression from the membrane-bound, functional form to a soluble, secreted form (Δ7TNFR2). This decoy receptor protein accumulated in the circulation of treated mice, antagonized TNF-α, and altered disease in two mouse models: TNF-α-induced hepatitis and collagen-induced arthritis (CIA). This is the first report of upregulation of the endogenous, circulating TNF-α antagonist by oligonucleotide-induced splicing modulation.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Graziewicz, MA; Tarrant, TK; Buckley, B; Roberts, J; Fulton, L; Hansen, H; Ørum, H; Kole, R; Sazani, P

Published Date

  • July 2008

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 16 / 7

Start / End Page

  • 1316 - 1322

PubMed ID

  • 28178484

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1525-0024

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1038/mt.2008.85

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States