Triiodothyronine and dexamethasone alter potassium channel expression and promote electrophysiological maturation of human-induced pluripotent stem cell-derived cardiomyocytes.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

BACKGROUND: Human-induced pluripotent stem cell-derived cardiomyocytes (hiPSC-CMs) have emerged as a promising tool for disease modeling and drug development. However, hiPSC-CMs remain functionally immature, which hinders their utility as a model of human cardiomyocytes. OBJECTIVE: To improve the electrophysiological maturation of hiPSC-CMs. METHODS AND RESULTS: On day 16 of cardiac differentiation, hiPSC-CMs were treated with 100 nmol/L triiodothyronine (T3) and 1 μmol/L Dexamethasone (Dex) or vehicle for 14 days. On day 30, vehicle- and T3 + Dex-treated hiPSC-CMs were dissociated and replated either as cell sheets or single cells. Optical mapping and patch-clamp technique were used to examine the electrophysiological properties of vehicle- and T3 + Dex-treated hiPSC-CMs. Compared to vehicle, T3 + Dex-treated hiPSC-CMs had a slower spontaneous beating rate, more hyperpolarized resting membrane potential, faster maximal upstroke velocity, and shorter action potential duration. Changes in spontaneous activity and action potential were mediated by decreased hyperpolarization-activated current (If) and increased inward rectifier potassium currents (IK1), sodium currents (INa), and the rapidly and slowly activating delayed rectifier potassium currents (IKr and IKs, respectively). Furthermore, T3 + Dex-treated hiPSC-CM cell sheets (hiPSC-CCSs) exhibited a faster conduction velocity and shorter action potential duration than the vehicle. Inhibition of IK1 by 100 μM BaCl2 significantly slowed conduction velocity and prolonged action potential duration in T3 + Dex-treated hiPSC-CCSs but had no effect in the vehicle group, demonstrating the importance of IK1 for conduction velocity and action potential duration. CONCLUSION: T3 + Dex treatment is an effective approach to rapidly enhance electrophysiological maturation of hiPSC-CMs.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Wang, L; Wada, Y; Ballan, N; Schmeckpeper, J; Huang, J; Rau, CD; Wang, Y; Gepstein, L; Knollmann, BC

Published Date

  • December 2021

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 161 /

Start / End Page

  • 130 - 138

PubMed ID

  • 34400182

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1095-8584

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.yjmcc.2021.08.005


  • eng

Conference Location

  • England