Cdc37/Hsp90 protein-mediated regulation of IRE1α protein activity in endoplasmic reticulum stress response and insulin synthesis in INS-1 cells.
IRE1α is an endoplasmic reticulum (ER) localized signaling molecule critical for unfolded protein response. During ER stress, IRE1α activation is induced by oligomerization and autophosphorylation in its cytosolic domain, a process triggered by dissociation of an ER luminal chaperone, binding immunoglobulin-protein (BiP), from IRE1α. In addition, inhibition of a cytosolic chaperone protein Hsp90 also induces IRE1α oligomerization and activation in the absence of an ER stressor. Here, we report that the Hsp90 cochaperone Cdc37 directly interacts with IRE1α through a highly conserved cytosolic motif of IRE1α. Cdc37 knockdown or disruption of Cdc37 interaction with IRE1α significantly increased basal IRE1α activity. In INS-1 cells, Hsp90 inhibition and disruption of IRE1α-Cdc37 interaction both induced an ER stress response and impaired insulin synthesis and secretion. These data suggest that Cdc37-mediated direct interaction between Hsp90/Cdc37 and an IRE1α cytosolic motif is important to maintain basal IRE1α activity and contributes to normal protein homeostasis and unfolded protein response under physiological stimulation.
Volume / Issue
Start / End Page
Pubmed Central ID
Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)