Surgical Treatment Using Sinus Tarsi Approach with Anterolateral Fragment Open-Door Technique in Sanders Type 3 and 4 Displaced Intraarticular Calcaneal Fracture.
Although various outcomes of the sinus tarsi approach have been reported, these are limited to the Sanders type 2 displaced intraarticular calcaneal fractures (DIACF) because of the limited visibility of the posterior facet joint. In this study we aimed to (1) introduce a sinus tarsi approach combined with an anterolateral fragment open-door technique that enables adequate visibility of the innermost and middle portion of the posterior facet joint, and (2) evaluate the radiographic and clinical outcomes of the patients treated with that technique. This is a retrospective case-series study performed on medical records of 25 patients who presented with the Sanders type 3 or 4 DIACF and were treated with the sinus tarsi approach. The radiologic measurements showed significant corrections of the Bohler's angle, calcaneal width, length, height, and articular step-off in both X-rays and CTs in the last follow-up period. The mean AOFAS score was 90.08 ± 6.44 at the last follow-up. Among all the follow-up patients, two cases (8%) had acute superficial infections, and no other wound complications occurred. Therefore, we suggest that the Sanders type 3 or 4 DIACF could be successfully treated with the proposed technique with low complications and bring out effective clinical and radiologic outcomes.
Cho, J; Kim, J; Kang, EM; Lee, JS; Min, T-H; Won, SH; Yi, Y; Chun, D-I
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