Mitomycin C and menadione for the treatment of lung cancer: a phase II trial.
Journal Article (Clinical Trial;Journal Article)
A phase II trial of menadione [2.5 gm/m2 as a continuous intravenous (i.v.) infusion over 48 hours] followed by mitomycin C (10-20 mg/m2 i.v. bolus) administered every 4 to 6 weeks was performed in 23 patients with advanced lung cancer. Menadione, a vitamin K analog which lowers intracellular pools of reduced glutathione (GSH), was combined with mitomycin C in an attempt to overcome thiol-mediated resistance to alkylating agent chemotherapy. The median age of patients entered on this trial was 62 years; performance status ranged from 60-90%. Two of the 23 patients (9%; 95% confidence interval, 1% to 28%) had objective responses lasting 3.5 months and 13 months respectively, while 4 additional patients developed short unconfirmed responses (lacking follow-up response data to estimate response duration). Median survival for all patients was 5.5 months. Treatment with mitomycin C and menadione was well tolerated except for hematologic toxicity and cardiac events of unclear relationship to the study drugs. Thirty-one percent of treatment courses were complicated by grade 3 or 4 hematologic toxicity including one episode of hemolytic anemia. One patient developed interstitial pneumonitis. Two patients developed a decrease in left ventricular ejection fraction: one patient remained asymptomatic, but the other patient developed congestive heart failure. Although only 9% of patients had confirmed objective responses, 28% (5 of 18) of the patients with non-small cell lung cancer demonstrated biological activity (tumor regression fulfilling the criteria for objective response on a single occasion but 3 patients lacking a follow-up measurement to document response duration) to this combination of mitomycin C and menadione. We conclude that further studies of chemomodulation in non-small cell lung cancer are appropriate.
- Tetef, M; Margolin, K; Ahn, C; Akman, S; Chow, W; Leong, L; Morgan, RJ; Raschko, J; Somlo, G; Doroshow, JH
Volume / Issue
- 13 / 2
Start / End Page
- 157 - 162
International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
- United States