The DEXH protein product of the DHX36 gene is the major source of tetramolecular quadruplex G4-DNA resolving activity in HeLa cell lysates.
Journal Article (Journal Article)
G4-DNA is a highly stable alternative DNA structure that can form spontaneously in guanine-rich regions of single-stranded DNA under physiological conditions. Since a number of biological processes create such single-stranded regions, G4-DNA occurrence must be regulated. To date, resolution of tetramolecular G4-DNA into single strands (G4-resolvase activity) has been observed only in recombinant RecQ DNA helicases. We previously reported that human cell lysates possess tetramolecular G4-DNA resolving activity (Harrington, C., Lan, Y., and Akman, S. (1997) J. Biol Chem. 272, 24631-24636). Here we report the first complete purification of a major non-RecQ, NTP-dependent G4-DNA resolving enzyme from human cell lysates. This enzyme is identified as the DEXH helicase product of gene DHX36 (also known as RHAU). G4-DNA resolving activity was captured from HeLa cell lysates on G4-DNA affinity beads and further purified by gel filtration chromatography. The DHX36 gene product was identified by mass spectrometric sequencing of a tryptic digest from the protein band on SDS-PAGE associated with activity. DHX36 was cloned within a His(6)-tagging vector, expressed, and purified from Escherichia coli. Inhibition and substrate resolution assays showed that recombinant DHX36 protein displayed robust, highly specific G4-DNA resolving activity. Immunodepletion of HeLa lysates by a monoclonal antibody to the DHX36 product removed ca. 77% of the enzyme from lysates and reduced G4-DNA resolving activity to 46.0 +/- 0.4% of control, demonstrating that DHX36 protein is responsible for the majority of tetramolecular G4-DNA resolvase activity.
- Vaughn, JP; Creacy, SD; Routh, ED; Joyner-Butt, C; Jenkins, GS; Pauli, S; Nagamine, Y; Akman, SA
- November 18, 2005
Volume / Issue
- 280 / 46
Start / End Page
- 38117 - 38120
International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
- United States