Copper ion-mediated modification of bases in DNA in vitro by benzoyl peroxide.
The mouse skin tumor promoter benzoyl peroxide (BzPO), in conjunction with Cu(I), causes promutagenic damage in DNA. Because free radical intermediates are produced by the reaction of BzPO with Cu(I), we sought to determine whether BzPO plus Cu(I) caused DNA base damage typical of that caused by the hydroxyl radical. A broad range of modified DNA bases were measured by GC-MS with selected-ion monitoring after exposure of purified plasmid pCMV beta gal DNA to BzPO +/- Cu(I). Exposure to BzPO/Cu(I) caused up to 20-fold increases in the levels of adenine-derived modified bases, up to 4-fold increases in guanine- and cytosine-derived modified bases, and only a < 2-fold increase in thymine-derived modified bases. The guanine-derived modified base 8-hydroxyguanine was elevated to the highest net amount, approximately 160 molecules/10(5) DNA bases. Exposure to BzPO alone or Cu(I) alone induced only minor (< < 2-fold) DNA base modification. Also, benzoic acid, the major non-radical metabolite of BzPO, or BzPO plus Fe(II) were ineffective at inducing DNA base modification. The hydroxyl radical scavenger dimethyl sulfoxide inhibited BzPO/Cu(I)-induced base modification by 10-50%. These data suggest that the reaction of BzPO with Cu(I) generates hydroxyl radical or a similarly reactive intermediate which causes DNA base damage. This damage may be responsible for BzPO/Cu(I)-mediated mutagenesis.
Akman, SA; Kensler, TW; Doroshow, JH; Dizdaroglu, M
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