Detection in human serum by radioimmunoassay of histidyl-proline diketopiperazine, a metabolite of thyrotropin-releasing hormone.
Cyclo(His-Pro) is believed to be a metabolite of TRH. A specific antiserum directed against cyclo(His-Pro) was used to detect immunoreactive material in human serum. Gel filtration column chromatography was used to establish that cyclo(His-Pro)-like immunoreactivity was found not only in free form established to be identical to cyclo(His-Pro) by high pressure liquid chromatography analysis on reverse phase and cation exchange columns, but also in a fraction of about 100,000 mol wt. Free cyclo(His-Pro) was released by heating column fractions of 70,000 mol wt that were not immunoreactive before heating. A procedure for estimation of the content of free cyclo(His-Pro) in human serum was developed. Normal levels of cyclo(His-Pro) determined by this procedure were in the range of 11-33 pmol/ml. The level of cyclo(His-Pro) in sera of individuals with hypothyroidism, hyperthyroidism, or alcoholic cirrhosis was in the normal range, while patients with renal failure had approximately 3-fold elevated levels of the peptide. Analysis of human sera drawn at 3-h intervals over a 24-h period suggested a circadian rhythm of cyclo(His-Pro) levels.
Takahara, Y; Battaini, F; Ross, DD; Akman, SA; Bachur, NR; Bailey, KR; Lakatos, E; Peterkofsky, A
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