Schedule-dependent enhancement of 1-beta-D-arabinofuranosylcytosine incorporation into HL-60 DNA by deoxyguanosine.
Journal Article (Journal Article)
We studied the ability of the purine deoxynucleoside deoxyguanosine (dGuo) to enhance 1-beta-D-arabinofuranosylcytosine (ara-C) incorporation into DNA of HL-60 cultured human leukemia cells. The effects of dGuo on ara-C incorporation into DNA were compared to those of thymidine (dThd), a pyrimidine deoxynucleoside known to augment ara-C effects both in vitro and in vivo. Both deoxynucleosides doubled the cells in the S phase of the cell cycle within the exposure periods (up to 48 hr) and concentrations (10 to 1000 microM) tested. Both deoxynucleosides enhanced ara-C incorporation into DNA equally. However, dThd and dGuo differed in the schedule required to achieve this effect. Simultaneous exposure of cells to ara-C and dThd increased ara-C incorporation into DNA approximately 3.5-fold. Preincubation of cells with dThd for 16 hr prior to the addition of ara-C further enhanced ara-C incorporation into DNA (to approximately 5-fold) in direct proportion to the dThd-induced increase in cells in S phase. Preincubation was essential for dGuo, since 16-hr preincubation of cells with concentrations as low as 30 microM caused augmentation of ara-C incorporation into DNA; but simultaneous exposure of cells to dGuo and ara-C caused no augmentation of ara-C incorporation into DNA. The augmentation of ara-C incorporation into DNA caused by preincubation of the cells with dGuo results from a number of factors, including the cytokinetic effect of increasing the percentage of cells in S phase and the reduction of intracellular dCTP pools. Maximal dGuo enhancement of ara-C incorporation into DNA (approximately 5-fold) required greater than 100 microM dGuo, 16-hr preincubation with dGuo, and final incubation of cells with ara-C after removal of dGuo. We explain this further augmentation of ara-C incorporation into DNA caused by the removal of dGuo prior to adding ara-C by our observed inhibition of ara-C phosphorylation by dGuo concentrations greater than 100 microM.
- Ross, DD; Akman, SA; Joneckis, CC; Yang, E; Bachur, NR
- April 1984
Volume / Issue
- 44 / 4
Start / End Page
- 1530 - 1535
International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)
- United States