Mapping oxidative DNA damage and mechanisms of repair.
We developed a method to map oxidative-induced DNA damage at the nucleotide level using ligation-mediated polymerase chain reaction (LMPCR) technology. In vivo and in vitro DNA base modification patterns inflicted by reactive oxygen species (ROS) in the human P53 and PGK1 gene were nearly identical in vitro and in vivo. In human male fibroblasts, these patterns are independent of the transition metal used (Cu (II), Fe(II), or Cr(VI). Therefore, local probability of H2O2-mediated DNA base damage is determined primarily by DNA sequence. Moreover, in cells undergoing severe oxidative stress, extranuclear sites contribute metals that enhance nuclear DNA damage. The role of the base excision repair pathway in human cells responsible for the repair of the majority of ROS base damage is also discussed.
- Akman, SA; O'Connor, TR; Rodriguez, H
Volume / Issue
- 899 /
Start / End Page
- 88 - 102
International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
- United States