Intergenerational transmission of emotion dysregulation: Part II. Developmental origins of newborn neurobehavior.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

We investigated whether neurobehavioral markers of risk for emotion dysregulation were evident among newborns, as well as whether the identified markers were associated with prenatal exposure to maternal emotion dysregulation. Pregnant women (N = 162) reported on their emotion dysregulation prior to a laboratory assessment. The women were then invited to the laboratory to assess baseline respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA) and RSA in response to an infant cry. Newborns were assessed after birth via the NICU Network Neurobehavioral Scale. We identified two newborn neurobehavioral factors-arousal and attention-via exploratory factor analysis. Low arousal was characterized by less irritability, excitability, and motor agitation, while low attention was related to a lower threshold for auditory and visual stimulation, less sustained attention, and poorer visual tracking abilities. Pregnant women who reported higher levels of emotion dysregulation had newborns with low arousal levels and less attention. Larger decreases in maternal RSA in response to cry were also related to lower newborn arousal. We provide the first evidence that a woman's emotion dysregulation while pregnant is associated with risks for dysregulation in her newborn. Implications for intergenerational transmission of emotion dysregulation are discussed.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Ostlund, BD; Vlisides-Henry, RD; Crowell, SE; Raby, KL; Terrell, S; Brown, MA; Tinajero, R; Shakiba, N; Monk, C; Shakib, JH; Buchi, KF; Conradt, E

Published Date

  • August 2019

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 31 / 3

Start / End Page

  • 833 - 846

PubMed ID

  • 31057128

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC6790984

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1469-2198

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1017/S0954579419000440

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States