Quantitative and qualitative correlates of cervicovaginal herpes simplex virus type 2 shedding among HIV-infected women in the Women's Interagency HIV Study.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

We identified demographic, clinical and biological determinants of herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2) shedding among HIV-infected participants in the Women's HIV Interagency Study (WIHS). Cervicovaginal lavage (CVL) specimens from 369 HIV-infected HSV seropositive women were tested with TaqMan polymerase chain reaction (PRC) for detection HSV-2 DNA. Seven percent of women tested positive for HSV-2 DNA in CVL. Significant correlates of the presence of HSV-2 DNA in CVL were being younger, African American or Hispanic race/ethnicity and injecting drugs in the past six months (P < 0.05). A borderline significant trend for reduced viral shedding with higher CD4+ T cell counts was observed (P = 0.08). All women who were never observed with any genital lesions and had consistently negative self-reported history of genital sores throughout the follow-up (n = 29, 8%) were negative for CVL HSV-2 DNA. HSV-2 DNA quantity was significantly associated with having frequent subsequent lesion recurrences (Spearman rho = 0.48, P = 0.016; adjusted prevalence ratio [APR] = 2.5, P = 0.012). Increasing the age of the host was inversely correlated with decreased viral shedding over time. However, a subset of older women continued to shed significant amounts of virus despite passage of time. This study provides genital HSV-2 DNA titre as a quantitative and symptom- and sign-based measures as qualitative predictors of HSV-2 shedding from the lower genital tract among HIV-infected women.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Aumakhan, B; Gange, SJ; Beyrer, C; Gaydos, CA; Minkoff, H; Merenstein, DJ; Cohen, MH; Anastos, K; Greenblatt, R; Nowicki, MJ; Quinn, TC

Published Date

  • May 2011

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 22 / 5

Start / End Page

  • 273 - 277

PubMed ID

  • 21571975

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC3123901

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1758-1052

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1258/ijsa.2009.009296

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • England