Commissioning an Exradin W2 plastic scintillation detector for clinical use in small radiation fields.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

PURPOSE: The purpose of this work is to evaluate the Standard Imaging Exradin W2 plastic scintillation detector (W2) for use in the types of fields used for stereotactic radiosurgery. METHODS: Prior to testing the W2 in small fields, the W2 was evaluated in standard large field conditions to ensure good detector performance. These tests included energy dependence, short-term repeatability, dose-response linearity, angular dependence, temperature dependence, and dose rate dependence. Next, scan settings and calibration of the W2 were optimized to ensure high quality data acquisition. Profiles of small fields shaped by cones and multi-leaf collimator (MLCs) were measured using the W2 and IBA RAZOR diode in a scanning water tank. Output factors for cones (4-17.5 mm) and MLC fields (1, 2, 3 cm) were acquired with both detectors. Finally, the dose at isocenter for seven radiosurgery plans was measured with the W2 detector. RESULTS: W2 exhibited acceptable warm-up behavior, short-term reproducibility, axial angular dependence, dose-rate linearity, and dose linearity. The detector exhibits a dependence upon energy, polar angle, and temperature. Scanning measurements taken with the W2 and RAZOR were in good agreement, with full-width half-maximum and penumbra widths agreeing to within 0.1 mm. The output factors measured by the W2 and RAZOR exhibited a maximum difference of 1.8%. For the seven point-dose measurements of radiosurgery plans, the W2 agreed well with our treatment planning system with a maximum deviation of 2.2%. The ńĆerenkov light ratio calibration method did not significantly impact the measurement of relative profiles, output factors, or point dose measurements. CONCLUSION: The W2 demonstrated dosimetric characteristics that are suitable for radiosurgery field measurements. The detector agreed well with the RAZOR diode for output factors and scanned profiles and showed good agreement with the treatment planning system in measurements of clinical treatment plans.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Jacqmin, DJ; Miller, JR; Barraclough, BA; Labby, ZE

Published Date

  • August 2022

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 23 / 8

Start / End Page

  • e13728 -

PubMed ID

  • 35861648

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC9359019

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1526-9914

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1002/acm2.13728


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States