Spatiotemporal changes in along-tract profilometry of cerebellar peduncles in cerebellar mutism syndrome.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

Cerebellar mutism syndrome, characterised by mutism, emotional lability and cerebellar motor signs, occurs in up to 39% of children following resection of medulloblastoma, the most common malignant posterior fossa tumour of childhood. Its pathophysiology remains unclear, but prior studies have implicated damage to the superior cerebellar peduncles. In this study, the objective was to conduct high-resolution spatial profilometry of the cerebellar peduncles and identify anatomic biomarkers of cerebellar mutism syndrome. In this retrospective study, twenty-eight children with medulloblastoma (mean age 8.8 ± 3.8 years) underwent diffusion MRI at four timepoints over one year. Forty-nine healthy children (9.0 ± 4.2 years), scanned at a single timepoint, served as age- and sex-matched controls. Automated Fibre Quantification was used to segment cerebellar peduncles and compute fractional anisotropy (FA) at 30 nodes along each tract. Thirteen patients developed cerebellar mutism syndrome. FA was significantly lower in the distal third of the left superior cerebellar peduncle pre-operatively in all patients compared to controls (FA in proximal third 0.228, middle and distal thirds 0.270, p = 0.01, Cohen's d = 0.927). Pre-operative differences in FA did not predict cerebellar mutism syndrome. However, post-operative reductions in FA were highly specific to the distal left superior cerebellar peduncle, and were most pronounced in children with cerebellar mutism syndrome compared to those without at the 1-4 month follow up (0.325 vs 0.512, p = 0.042, d = 1.36) and at the 1-year follow up (0.342, vs 0.484, p = 0.038, d = 1.12). High spatial resolution cerebellar profilometry indicated a site-specific alteration of the distal segment of the superior cerebellar peduncle seen in cerebellar mutism syndrome which may have important surgical implications in the treatment of these devastating tumours of childhood.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Toescu, SM; Bruckert, L; Jabarkheel, R; Yecies, D; Zhang, M; Clark, CA; Mankad, K; Aquilina, K; Grant, GA; Feldman, HM; Travis, KE; Yeom, KW

Published Date

  • 2022

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 35 /

Start / End Page

  • 103000 -

PubMed ID

  • 35370121

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC9421471

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 2213-1582

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.nicl.2022.103000

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • Netherlands